The famous ancestor of the hounds is the dog of St. Hubert, dog that St. Hubert used for hunting in the seventh century. This breed was bred by the Bosnian beys. It was famous and written about in European cynology literature by the end of the 19th century.
It is believed that the name barak comes from the Turkish word barak, which translates to rough-haired or coarse-haired dog.
Barak belongs to the hound group. Common characteristic of all dogs in this group is to chase wild game and to, if necessary, pervent it from getting away, giving the hunter the chance to kill the prey. Dogs that bark while chaseing wild game are called brakirci in Bosnia, from German and Dutch word bracke.
The harsh mountains of Bosnia-Herzegovina are the home of a variety of game, such as hares, foxes, and wild boars. Local hunters, wanting to produce an efficient scent hound, developed this breed in the nineteenth century. Using the available stock of dogs.
It has a coat similar to that of the Griffon Nivernais and has griffon blood; some believe he was also developed from molossian breeds. It's wiry and rough coat offers insulation and protection against hostile weather. The Bosnian rough-haired hound is tough, bold, spirited and persistent. It has typical scent-hound characteristics, and with it's deep voice it also makes an excellent watch dog. It gets on well with children and with other dogs. It thrives on activity, willingly sleeps outdoors and seldom snipes or bites.
The height at the withers should be about 45-56 cm. The body should be almost rectangular, well muscled and with good bone. It has a broad head with flat and triangular skull, not too long ears hanging close to the cheeks without any folds. The coat should be wiry with a thick undercoat and shaggy appearance. The coat is usually pale wheaten with a grayish saddle.
Initially known as the Illyrian Hound, the breed was recognized in 1965 as the Bosnian rough haired hound - barak.
Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound - Barak
Translation: Mrs. Peggy Davis.
Utilization: Well working scenthound, resistant and persistant, with a sonorous high sounding voice, sometimes deep-voiced.
FCI Classification: Group 6 Scent hounds and related breeds
Brief Historical Summary: This breed was registered with the F.C.I. on the 19th June 1965, under Standard No 155 a and under the name of Illyrian Hound. In the present standard, apart from a few complements and corrections, the name of the breed is changed to "Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound - Barak".
General Apperance: Robust dog; its coat is long and shaggy; head long and moderately broad, eyebrows pronounced and bushy. The expression serious, severe but playful. The basic colour is reddish-yellow or earthy grey with white markings on the lower parts.
Character/Temperament: Lively temperament, courageous and persistant dog.
Important Proportion: The length of the body must exceed the height at the withers by 10%.
Tail: Well set on, thicker at its base, finer towards the tip and reaching the hock or slightly beyond. Carried slightly curved upwards scimitar like. Very hairy.
Movement/Gait: Long and energetic strides.
Skin: Of medium thickness, elastic, tight fitting, well pigmented and covered with a dense coat.
Color: Basic colour can be wheaten yellow, reddish yellow, earthy grey or blackish. White markings are often found on the head (star, blaze on head), under the throat, below the neck, on and under the chest, the lower parts of the legs and on the tip of the tail. The colour can be combined in bicolour or tricolour.
Height and Weight
Important Faults: Head longer and heavier; insufficient pigmentation of eyes and the visible mucous membranes; pincer bite; ears folded or raised. Dewlap only slightly pronounced. Irregularity of the legs and articular angulations; chest too wide or too narrow; slight saddle back or arched; light bone structure; weak musculature. Harefeet, toes not tight enough; dewclaws. Insufficient proportions of the different parts.
Eliminatory Faults: Head too broad (excessively coarse); eyes very light or even wall eye; depigmentation of the nose and of the visible mucuous membranes; height at the withers insufficient or excessive. Marked disproportion among the different parts of the body and especially between the height at the withers and the length of the body; incorrect legs (cow-hocked or bowed); tail deviated or curled up; sign of degeneration of dentition (teeth missing), of jaws and genitals; hair too long, woolly, wavy or curly. All other colours than those mentioned, but especially chocolate or black.
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.